Brito Figueroa, Federico
This person has a Spanish surname; here Brito – father’s surname, Figueroa – mother’s surname. Figueroa (Spanish. Federico Brito Figueroa; November 2, 1921, La Victoria – April 28, 2000, Caracas) – Venezuelan Marxist historian and anthropologist, whose ideas and writings played an important role in the ideological formation of the future President of Venezuela Hugo Chavez. Author of a number of fundamental works on the of Venezuela.BiographyAlready at a young age, Brito joined the Venezuelan National Democratic Party in 1936 (which would later be renamed Democratic Action). After serious divisions among the Venezuelan left, he joined the Venezuelan Communist Party along with Domingo and Luis Micilena.In 1946, Brito entered the National Pedagogical Institute, where he studied to be a teacher of social sciences. He then went to Mexico City, where he attended the National School of Anthropology and with Wenceslao Roses and François Chavalier, eventually completing a degree in Ethnology and Anthropology.Brito returned to Venezuela in 1959 after the overthrow of Marcos Perez Jimenez and began his studies at the Central University of Venezuela. He graduated as a certified historian and received his doctorate in anthropology. Brito’s doctoral dissertation „The Economic Structure of Colonial Venezuela" (La estructura económica de Venezuela colonial), written in 1963 and published in 1978, has become a famous and influential work. He worked as a professor at the Central University of Venezuela.Brito Figueroa is considered the founder of a new Venezuelan historiography, mainly based on the ideas of the Annales school. Highlights of his work included a study of the history of Venezuelan „Federal War" general Esequiel Zamora, slavery and the emancipation of slaves, as well as a critical analysis of the socio-economic foundations of colonialism and neo-colonialism.Rich in statistical and scientific material, Brito Figueroa’s book „Venezuela of the XX century" (Venezuela, siglo XX) has been translated into a number of languages, including English and Russian, and received the House of the Americas Award (Cuba).BooksEzequiel Zamora. Un capitulo de la historia nacional, Caracas, 1951Liberacion de los esclavos, Caracas, 1951Venezuela, siglo XX, Caracas, 1966 / La Habana, 1967La estructura económica de Venezuela colonial, Caracas, 1978Tiempo de Ezequiel Zamora, Caracas, 1981El problema tierra y esclavos en la historia de Venezuela, Caracas, 1982Historia económica y social de Venezuela: Una estructura para su estudio, Caracas, 1979/1987Russian translationBrito Figueroa F. Venezuela XX century / ed. A. I. Shtrakhov; Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Institute of General History. – Moscow: Nauka, 1969 .– 294 p.