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Juras Karlovich Pozhela (1925 – 2014) – Soviet and Lithuanian physicist. Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the Lithuanian SSR (since 1968) and the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (since 1984, since 1991 – full member of the Russian Academy of Sciences). President of the Lithuanian Academy of Sciences in 1984-1992. Professor (since 1966). Member of the CPSU since 1953. Hero of Socialist Labor (1985).A specialist in the field of semiconductor physics, his main scientific interests are related to the study of plasma effects in semiconductors, in particular, with the problem of heating electrons by an electric field.BiographyWas born on December 5, 1925 in Moscow. In 1951 he graduated from the Physics Department of Moscow State University. In 1956-1958 he worked as a junior researcher at the Moscow Institute of Physics and . In parallel, since 1956, he worked at the Institute of Physics and Mathematics of the Academy of Sciences of the Lithuanian SSR. From 1963 to 1967 he served as director of the institute. In 1964 he received the degree of Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, and in 1966 – the title of professor. In 1967 he was appointed director of the Institute of Semiconductor Physics of the Academy of Sciences of the Lithuanian SSR. Since 1972, also vice-president of the of Sciences of the Lithuanian SSR. In 1984 he left the post of director of the institute and became the president of the Academy of Sciences of the Lithuanian SSR. Pozhela held this post until 1992. Since 1992, he was President of the Lithuanian Branch of the World Laboratory of the International Center for Scientific Culture and a leading researcher at the Institute of Semiconductor Physics of the Academy of Sciences of Lithuania.Since 1991 – Academician of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts.Since 1967 he has been a member of the editorial board of Physics and of Semiconductors.He died on November 20, 2014 in Vilnius.Scientific achievementsAuthor and co-author of over 300 scientific works, including 10 monographs, about 100 copyright certificates and 1 discovery.Awards and prizesHero of Socialist Labor (1985)Order of Lenin (1985)Order of the October Revolution (1971)Two Orders of the Red Banner of Labor (1975, 1981)Commander’s Cross of the Order of the Grand Duke of Lithuania Gediminas (July 1, 1997).Order of Friendship (March 4, 2000, Russia) – for a great contribution to the development of science, strengthening of friendly relations and cooperation between statesLenin Prize (1978) – for a set of theoretical and experimental studies of the generation and amplification of e / m microwave oscillations during avalanche ionization in semiconductors and the creation of a new class of devices – an avalanche-transit diodeUSSR State Prize (1988) – for the study of the physical foundations, development and organization of serial production of semiconductor magnetically controlled devicesTwo Lithuanian State Prizes in Science


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