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173rd Infantry Division (173rd Rifle Division) – military formation (formation, rifle division) of the Red Army in the Great Patriotic War.The division participated in hostilities from July 12, 1943 to May 11, 1945Short name – 173 sdStoryIt was formed as part of the 68th Reserve Army of the Supreme Command Headquarters on the basis of the 135th Vologda and 150th separate rifle brigades from May 20 to 25, 1943 in the area of ​​Staritsa, Kalinin region.On July 22, the division was included in the 5th Army of the Western Front. On August 3, 1943, the division again transferred to the 68th Army of the Western Front and participated in the Smolensk, Spas-Demensk offensive operations. On August 21, she was withdrawn to the reserve. From September 1, the division launched an offensive in the of Barsuki – Novo-Lesnaya – Kuvshinovka, with the task of capturing the western bank of the Desna River in the Bibirevo – Novo-Lesnaya section and then going out and the highway on the Aleksandrovka – section. During the week, its units fought fiercely in the area. All attempts to capture the Orly – Kuvshinovka line did not yield results, and on September 8 the division was forced to go over to the defensive at the line reached. On September 18, the enemy in the entire sector of the 33rd Army began to withdraw in the general direction of Smolensk, as a result, the division went into pursuit, waging fierce battles on intermediate lines (Smolensk-Roslavl operation). From October 23, 1943, the division was in the reserve of the Western Front, then from December 8, it again entered the 33rd Army. Since December 28, she, as part of the 36th Rifle Corps, fought fierce on the outskirts of the city of Vitebsk at the Tribuna – Gerasenki line (13 km east of Vitebsk).On April 17, 1944, the division marched to the Orsha area, then was withdrawn to the reserve of the 3rd Belorussian Front. Since June 27, its units have participated in the Belorussian, Vitebsk-Orsha, Minsk, Vilnius and Kaunas offensive operations. From July 16 to July 17, they crossed the Neman River and then fought to hold and expand the bridgehead on its western bank. On July 29, the division began pursuing the retreating enemy in the direction of Suwalki, and on July 30 reached the state border of the USSR and Poland. For the capture of the city of Orsha she was given the name „Orshanskaya" (07/06/1944), and for the liberation of Minsk she was awarded the Order of the Red Banner (07/23/1944). From October 18, 1944, the division led an offensive on Suwalki, participating in the Gumbinen offensive operation. On October 23, its units took possession of this city.From January 13, 1945, the division took part in the East Prussian, Insterburg-Königsberg offensive operations. On March 29, its units reached the coast of the Frisches-Huff (Vislensky) Bay, dropping the remnants of the East Prussian group of Germans into the sea. Then the division marched into Silesia and from April 22 to May 2 was in the reserve of the 31st Army. At the final stage of the war, from May 7, 1945, she took part in the Prague offensive.After the war, in early September 1945, the division was disbanded.Full title173rd Orsha Red Banner Rifle Division Composition and awards1311th Rifle Minsk Order of Suvorov Regiment (April 26, 1945 – for the defeat of a group of German troops south-west of Konigsberg)1313th Rifle Minsk Order of Kutuzov Regiment (April 26, 1945 – for the defeat of a group of German troops south-west of Konigsberg)1315th Rifle Minsk Regiment979th Artillery Regiment220th engineer battalion Neman426th Separate Order of the Red Star Signal Battalion (163rd Ors) (April 26, 1945 – for the defeat of a group of German troops south-west of Konigsberg)252nd separate anti-tank destroyer division179th reconnaissance company (478th)282nd Medical and Sanitary Battalion71st separate company of chemical protection313rd motor transport company270th Field Bakery151st Divisional Veterinary Infirmary1795th Field Post Station1752nd field cash office of the State Bank…SubordinationCommandCommandersErokhin, Mikhail Emelyanovich (05/01/1943 – 07/20/1943), Major General;Zaitsev, Mikhail Ivanovich (07.21.1943 – 02.12.1944), colonel. On February 12, 1944, he was seriously wounded and evacuated to the hospital, where on February 22, he died of his wounds.;Klimakhin, Sergei Efimovich (02/19/1944 – 01/06/1945), colonel;Ordanovsky, Alexander Yakovlevich (01/07/1945 – 03/11/1945), colonel. March 11, 1945 died during the East Prussian operation ;Katyushin, Vasily Alexandrovich (03/12/1945 – ??. 07.1945), colonel.Deputy commandersZaitsev, Mikhail Ivanovich (05/01/1943 – 09/20/1943), colonel;…Chiefs of staffAwards and titlesThe personnel of the 173rd Orsha Red Banner Infantry Division received 6 thanks in the orders of the Supreme Commander-in-Chief:For the capture of the city and the operationally important railway junction Orsha – a powerful bastion of the Germans’ defense, covering the Minsk direction. June 27, 1944. No. 121.For the crossing of the Berezina River, and the seizure of the city and a large communications center Borisov by storm – an important stronghold of the Germans’ defense, covering the approaches to Minsk. July 1, 1944. No. 126.For the seizure of the capital of Soviet Belarus by storm, the city of Minsk – the most important strategic center for the defense of the Germans in the western direction. July 3, 1944 No. 128.For the breakthrough of the long-term, deeply echeloned defense of the Germans, covering the borders of East Prussia, the invasion of East Prussia and the capture of powerful strongholds of the enemy’s defenses – Shirvindt, Numiestis (Vladislavov), Villunen, Virbalis (Verzhbolovo), Kybartai, Shtluppen, Millunen, Walterkemen, Pillupönen, Vishtynets, Melkemen, Rominten, Gross Rominten, Vizhainy, Shittkemen, Psherosl, Goldap, Filipuv, Suwalki. October 23, 1944. No. 203.For breaking through a powerful, long-term, deeply echeloned enemy defense in the Masurian Lakes region, considered by the Germans since the First World War an impregnable defense system, and the capture of the cities of Barten, Drengfurt, Rastenburg, Rain, Nikolayken, Rudshanni, Puppen, Babinten, Teervis, turned by the Germans to strong strongholds of defense. January 27, 1945. No. 258.For completing the elimination of the encircled East Prussian group of German forces southwest of Konigsberg. March 29, 1945. No. 317.Distinguished soldiers of the divisionMemory


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