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Eremey Yakovlevich Savoini (1776-1836) – Russian commander of the era of the Napoleonic wars, general of infantry.BiographyGeronimo Savoini was born in Florence on May 1, 1776, from where in 1787 his family moved to Russia, to the Novorossiysk Territory, where his father was summoned by a compatriot, a famous organizer of the region, then Lieutenant Colonel de Ribas. In the house of the last Savoini he spent the years of adolescence and youth.De Ribas also appointed Savoini a sergeant in the Mariupol light-horse regiment. In 1789, 22 years old, a young Italian begins his military service and differs in the capture of the future Odessa, the Hajibey Castle and Bender, for which on December 20, 1790 he was promoted to an army ensign with a transfer to the Nikolaev Primorsky Grenadier Regiment and in the same year in ranks of this regiment takes part in the capture of Ishmael by Suvorov, being in the „river detachment" of his patron Major General de Ribas, in the 1st column of Major General Arsenyev, for which he is awarded the sign established for the capture of Izmail and a certificate signed by Suvorov about his courage on the attack , according to Mikhailovsky-Danilevsky, and in March 1791 he participated in the capture of Machin and in the night search near Brailov, which ended his military service in the Turkish wars of the reign of Catherine II.On December 11, 1791, Savoini was promoted to second lieutenant, on March 6, 1794, he was transferred to the Primorsky Dnieper Grenadier Regiment, and after its disbandment on November 8 of the same year, to the Black Sea Grenadier Corps, and with the production of a lieutenant on September 22, 1795, he was transferred to the Ladoga Infantry Regiment. in which on December 12, 1797 he was promoted to staff captains and captains, and on July 19, 1803 for zealous service to major.In 1806, he entered the 13th Infantry Division of the Duke of Richelieu with the regiment and, as part of this regiment, took part in the blockade of Izmail and the repulse of sorties from it, and during the Slobodzeya Armistice, on May 4, 1808, he was appointed commander of the Ladoga Infantry Regiment, with which he associated his fate and name.On December 12, 1808, Savoini was promoted to lieutenant colonel and with the opening of hostilities in 1809, he was assigned with his regiment to a separate detachment of Count Lanzheron, sent in mid-August from Bucharest to the Danube. On August 29, this detachment approached Frasin (near Zhurzhi) and Count Lanzheron, wishing to lure the Turks out of the position they occupied near the villages of Daya and Frasiné, hiding the detachment in the hollow, and put forward a vanguard, whose infantry, three battalions of Ladoga, was commanded by Savoini. The Turkish cavalry, personally led by Boshnyak-aga, swiftly attacked the Ladoga people, whom the energetic and commanding Savoini instantly built in square and met the Turkish cavalry with a wall of bayonets and rifle fire, and, repelling all attempts of the Turks to crush the battalions led by him, and Boshnjak-Yaga himself was wounded bullet of the Ladoga shooter, waited for the arrival of the whole detachment to the rescue of him, which went over to a general offensive, which resulted in the complete defeat of the Turks. Count Langeron says in his notes about Savoini’s feat: "officers and soldiers with the same jealousy, courage and presence of mind outdid each other, following the example of their boss, Lieutenant Savoini„. For the battle on August 29 at Frasin Savoini, who strengthened his reputation here as a courageous and energetic staff officer, was awarded the Order of St. of the 4th degree with a bow. At the end of July 1810, Lieutenant Colonel Savoini with both battalions of his Ladoga regiment was sent through Ruschuk to Serbia to reinforce Major General Isaev’s detachment returned there from Lesser Wallachia with the order to besiege the Turkish fortress of Prague, and when the siege was established, Savoini with the Ladoga regiment. with a part of the cavalry, squads of Serbs and Arnauts, he was placed on the Nigotin road to observe the fortresses of Nigotin and Bregovo, but on August 3, Count Tsukato, entrusting the entire detachment to Count Orurk, pulled him to the Prague fortress, approaching which, battalions led by Savoini were attacked by the Turks from fortress, but brilliantly repulsed this attack, after which this detachment was directed to strengthen the the fortress of Deligrad, where Savoini, on the off-road and overcoming significant local difficulties of the wild land, came with his Ladoga on August 21, standing at Cape Bani, and on August 22 in the column of Count Orurk, he led them to storm the redoubt closest to the Bani fortress. Not paying attention to canister and rifle fire, the brave Lieutenant Colonel S., setting an example, personally brought one battalion to the ditch, and with the support of his second battalion Savoini burst into the redoubt, which led to the surrender of the enemy. Promoted a little earlier to the rank of colonel, Savoini was awarded for this battle on November 30, 1811, the Order of St. George, 4th class No. 1018From the Bani fortress, the detachment of Count Orurk turned to Cape Varvarin on the Morava River, where the 15-thousandth Turkish detachment of Ahmed-Rushid Pasha stood and, crossing to the left bank of the Morava River at Yasik, on August 26, met here with Ahmed Pasha, who had attacked him, and the command of the left flank of the entire detachment was entrusted to Colonel Savoini, under whose command there were, in addition to his Ladoga and several battalions of regular infantry, Serbian squads that had just been personally formed and trained by him. All the attacks of the Turks on his left flank were repelled by him and for the difference in this battle Savoini received the golden saber „For Bravery". With the retreat of Count Orurk’s detachment back to Varvarin and the reduction of his detachment, Ahmed Pasha went on the offensive again and attacked him on September 6, directing the main attack on the left flank, led by Savoini, after which the whole detachment went on a general offensive and scattered the Turks. The Serb squads formed by Savoini showed steadfastness and skill, which was given a special merit of the Ladoga colonel who distinguished himself here again, and he was awarded the Order of St. Anne of the 2nd degree.He took part in the Patriotic War of 1812 and the War of the Sixth Coalition. In 1821, Savoini accepted Russian citizenship, and on May 21, 1825, he was awarded the rank of lieutenant general of the Russian imperial army. On September 22, 1829, Lieutenant General Savoini headed the 4th Infantry Corps and took over as chairman of the Committee to consider a draft regulation on the recovery and replenishment of deficiencies in the delivery of regiments. On December 6, 1833, Savoini was promoted to general of infantry and appointed a member of the audience general.Eremey Yakovlevich Savoini died on April 7, 1836 in St. Petersburg and was buried with honors at the city’s Smolensk Evangelical cemetery.How much Savoini’s merits and dignity were valued by the court is evident from the fact that, in addition to the above distinctions, he received 30 royal favors, 15 thousand rubles at a time from Emperor Nicholas I, who also added 21 thousand rubles of state debt from him (huge sums at that time) …From marriage with Ludwig Danilovna Dunkel (d. after 1850), the sister of the freemason Leopold Dunkel, had a daughter Catherine (1803-1875: married to K. I. Tenner) and a son Alexander (1817-1861; lieutenant of the Ulan regiment).


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