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39th Infantry Division – an infantry unit (division) as part of the Russian Imperial Army.Division headquarters: Alexandropol. She was a member of the 1st Caucasian Army Corps.Division historyAt the very beginning of the First World War, the 155th Cuban Infantry Regiment of the division crossed the Russian-Turkish border and captured the border village of Ketek.FormationThe division was formed on November 6, 1863 in the territory of the Kuban region.Fighting The I Caucasian Corps fought in the Caucasus throughout the war. It was commanded by General Berkhman and General Kalitin, and the 20th Infantry Division soon abandoned it. As for the heroic 39th, each of its regiments was worth a whole division. Let us recall the famous case of the Derbentites at Sarykamysh, where Vashakidze’s company took Iskhan Pasha and his three division chiefs. Let us recall the Cubans at Azap-Kei, the storming of Erzurum – the Bakuvians of Pirumov on Dalangez, the Elisabethpolites of Fenenko at Choban-Ded. And then the Mamakhatun and Erzinjan battles, where each of the regiments of the 39th division destroyed two divisions of the selected Turkish infantry – the Dardanelles victors. During the entire war, the corps took up to 400 guns, of which 265 were at the storming of Erzurum.– A. Kersnovsky. History of the Russian army Before the transition to a general offensive, Vehib Pasha decided to eliminate the Mamahatun salient. On May 16, the 9th and 11th Turkish corps attacked the 4th and occupied Mamahatun. Building on this success, the Turks moved further in the Erzerum direction, but General Yudenich moved the 39th Infantry Division on them. In a heroic battle from May 21 to May 23, the invincible 39th division repulsed five Turkish divisions and covered the Russian Erzurum. In the case of May 16, near Mamakhatun, we lost 2 guns. In the battles from May 21 to May 23, the 153rd Baku Infantry Regiment of Colonel Maslovsky overturned the 17th and 28th Turkish Infantry Divisions and two enemy cavalry divisions, firing standing and kneeling, as in a training exercise. The adversary was laid without count, but the also lost 21 officers and 900 lower ranks.– A. Kersnovsky. History of the Russian army On December 20, Enver, leaving the 9th and 10th corps that were in agony at Sarykamysh, rushed under Karaurgan to the 11th corps, trying with a desperate effort to break the resistance of General Berkhman’s troops. He personally led the troops to the attack – and the entire brave 11th Corps was shot and chopped up. Here our 39th division received the name „iron" in the Caucasian army … Pursuing the fleeing Turks, the 14th company of the 154th Derbent infantry regiment, Captain Vashakidze, captured 8 shooting guns with a brilliant attack with bayonets, capturing the commander of the 9th Turkish corps Iskhan – I pass with his headquarters, the chiefs of the 17th, 28th and 29th divisions with their headquarters, 107 officers and 2000 askers. Surrounded by the enemy, Captain Vashakidze, who had barely 40 soldiers with him, was not taken aback. He pretended to be a parliamentarian and so managed to intimidate the Turks (saying that we had three regiments behind the forest) that after a short hesitation they laid down their weapons.– A. Kersnovsky. History of the Russian armyFrom revolutionary parts 39th Infantry Division and the Red Guard detachments operating in the Kuban by order of Tsaritsyn’s defense headquarters, dated January 25 (February 7), 1918, the South-Eastern Revolutionary Army was formed (approved by the order of February 17 by the commander of the Soviet troops in the South of Russia V. A. Antonov-Ovseenko).Division composition1st brigade (Alexandropol)153rd Baku Infantry E.I.V. Grand Duke Sergius Mikhailovich Regiment154th Derbent Infantry Regiment2nd Brigade (1903: Kars; 1913: Sarikamysh)155th Cuban Infantry Regiment156th Infantry Elisavetpolsky General Prince Tsitsianov Regiment39th Artillery Brigade ()Division command(Commanding in pre-revolutionary terminology meant an interim chief or commander).Division Chiefs11/06/1863 – хх.хх.1868 – Major General (from 03/27/1866 – Lieutenant General) Tarkhan-Mouravov, Joseph Davydovichearlier 04/05/1868 – 10/27/1875 – Major General (from 04/16/1872 – Lieutenant General) Levashev, Fedor Stepanovich11.11.1875 – xx.04.1878 – Major General (from 30.08.1876 – Lieutenant General) Devel, Fyodor Danilovich04/07/1878 – 12.12.1884 – Major General (from 20.05.1881 – Lieutenant General) Tsytovich, Erast Stepanovich12/20/1884 – 07/17/1893 – Major General (from 08/30/1886 – Lieutenant General) Shak, Adolf Vilgelmovich07.21.1893 – 03.22.1899 – Major General (from 08.30.1893 – Lieutenant General) Amiradzhibov, Mikhail Kaihosrovich06/08/1899 – 08/05/1899 – Major General Fullon, Ivan Alexandrovich (temporarily)06.10.1899 – 17.10.1902 – Lieutenant General Duditsky-Lishin, Vyacheslav Mikhailovich11.01.1903 – 19.03.1906 – Major General (from 28.03.1904 – Lieutenant General) Tarnovsky, Zakhar Tselestinovich03/19/1906 – 01/02/1907 – Major General (from 06.12.1906 – Lieutenant General) Tikhmenev, Valerian Pavlovich03/08/1907 – 01/31/1913 – major general (from 04/22/1907 – lieutenant general) Korneev, Vladimir Petrovich02/17/1913 – 12/19/1915 – Lieutenant General De-Witt, Vladimir Vladimirovich01/02/1916 – 05/22/1916 – Lieutenant General Ryabinkin, Fyodor Trofimovich05/22/1916 – 03/12/1917 – Major General (from 08/26/1916 – Lieutenant General) Lyakhov, Vladimir Platonovich03/20/1917 – 08/11/1917 – Commander Major General Mdivani, Zakhary Aslanovich08/14/1917 – 10/17/1917 – Commander Major General Karnaukhov, Mikhail Mikhailovich10/17/1917 – xx.xx.xxxx – commander Major General Maslovsky, Evgeny VasilievichChiefs of staffThe position of chief of staff of the division was introduced on January 1, 1857.08/16/1865 – 11/26/1871 – staff captain (from 03/27/1866 – lieutenant colonel, from 04/20/1869 – colonel) Den, Vladimir Alexandrovich von05/04/1872 – 02/07/1874 – Colonel Markozov, Vasily Ivanovich02/07/1874 – after 12/11/1875 – Colonel Linevich (Lenevich), Ilya Petrovich03/10/1876 – 05/06/1878 – lieutenant colonel (from 03/14/1877 – colonel) Makeev, Mikhail Petrovich01/31/1879 – 02/18/1879 – Colonel Ackerman, Nikolai Yulievichearlier 05/01/1881 – 01/16/1882 – Colonel Gushchin, Vladimir Savelyevichxx.xx.xxxx – 02.13.1885 – Colonel Gisetti, Anton Ludvigovich02/13/1885 – 03/07/1890 – Colonel Schleisner, Richard Alfredovich03/19/1890 – 04/09/1891 – Colonel Ievreinov, Alexander Iosafovich04/09/1891 – 06/17/1896 – Colonel Zakrzhevsky, Nikolai Iosifovich08/17/1896 – 07/18/1900 – Colonel Nekrasov, Sergei Petrovich08/18/1900 – 10/15/1900 – Colonel Kiyashko, Andrei Ivanovich12/14/1900 – 06/30/1901 – Colonel Ryzhov, Pyotr Nikolaevich07/10/1901 – 07/08/1903 – Colonel Przhevalsky, Mikhail Alekseevich08.27.1903 – 05.22.1908 – Colonel Kalyuzhny, Andrey Andreevich06/02/1908 – 12/05/1908 – Colonel Mdivani, Zakhary Aslanovich05.12.1908 – 24.04.1913 – Lieutenant Colonel (from 06.12.1908 – Colonel) Fedorenko, Boris Iosifovich07/16/1913 – 11/02/1914 – Colonel Kavtaradzev, Alexander Ivanovich12/06/1914 – 02/20/1915 – Colonel Korganov, Gavriil Grigorievich02/20/1915 – 03/05/1916 – lieutenant colonel (from 06/15/1915 – colonel) Ananio, Mikhail Fedorovich03/05/1916 – 04/05/1917 – lieutenant colonel (from 08/15/1916 – colonel) Dratsenko, Daniil Pavlovich04/09/1917 – 10/21/1917 – Lieutenant Colonel Kosmaenko, Ivan Porfirevich10/21/1917 – etc. Colonel De Roberti, Nikolai Alexandrovich1st brigade commandersIn the period from March 28, 1857 to August 30, 1873, the positions of brigade commanders were abolished.After the outbreak of the First World War, only one brigadier commander, who was named the brigade commander of the 39th Infantry Division, was left in the division.08/30/1873 – 12/04/1873 – Major General Wrangel, Vladimir Ludvigovich12/10/1873 – after 12/01/1876 – Major General Poltoratsky, Mikhail Mikhailovichxx.xx.xxxx – 04/07/1877 – Major General Shelemetyev, Nikolai Vasilievich04/07/1877 – 04/07/1878 – Major General Tsytovich, Erast Stepanovichon 05/01/1878 – Major General Karasev, Dmitry Pavlovich05/22/1878 – 10/08/1889 – Major General Kovtoradze, Alexey Gavrilovich10/29/1889 – 12/28/1899 – Major General Drozdovich, Emelyan Mikhailovich01/18/1900 – 05/30/1901 – Major General Gershelman, Konstantin Vladimirovich06/02/1901 – 03/09/1902 – Major General Mishchenko, Pavel Ivanovich04.24.1902 – 08.13.1905 – Major General Voloshinov, Fyodor Afanasevich03.25.1905 – 09.22.1907 – Major General Poray-Koshyts, Evgeny Alexandrovich09/25/1907 – 07/19/1908 – Major General Kukuran, Vasily Vasilievich09/03/1908 – 04/03/1913 – Colonel (from 28.11.1908 – Major General) Gilchevsky, Konstantin Lukich04/26/1913 – 05/02/1913 – Major General Butkov, Fyodor Vasilievich06/23/1913 – 07/29/1914 – Major General Navrotsky, Nikolai Ivanovich2nd brigade commanders12/10/1873 – 05/28/1875 – Major General Avinov, Sergei Alexandrovich05/28/1875 – 11/11/1875 – Major General Klucky von Klugenau, Nikolai Frantsevichbefore 11.12.1875 – after 01.11.1877 – Major General Oreus, Nikolai Ivanovich12/26/1877 – 05/22/1878 – Major General Kovtoradze, Alexey Gavrilovich05/18/1878 – 03/05/1881 – Major General Borh, Yuri Alexandrovich03.24.1881 – 09.02.1882 – Major General Tchaikovsky, Mitrofan Petrovichхх.хх.1882 – 09/28/1884 – Major General Ivanov, Afanasy Ivanovich12/20/1884 – 05/19/1888 – Major General Zeferopulo, Konstantin Ivanovich06/20/1888 – 08/05/1896 – Major General Fromandier, Ivan Pavlovich08/14/1896 – 04/28/1899 – Major General Redkin, Pyotr Timofeevich04/28/1899 – 09/06/1899 – Major General Kesyakov, Konstantin Iskrovich09/06/1899 – 04/30/1905 – Major General Pokrovsky, Alexey Matveevich04/30/1905 – 06/03/1906 – Major General Erofeev, Mikhail Rodionovich07/28/1906 – 03/07/1908 – Major General Peterov, Ernst-Yakov Kasperovich07/19/1908 – 09/11/1912 – Major General Solonenko, Konstantin Stepanovich09/11/1912 – 12/31/1913 – Major General Sklyarevsky, Vasily Epifanovich01/14/1914 – 02/11/1914 – Major General Erogin, Mikhail Grigorievich03/25/1914 – 04/02/1916 – Major General Dubissky, Philip-Stanislav Iosifovich04/02/1916 – 09/30/1917 – Major General Ardzhevanidze, Georgy Pavlovich10/22/1917 – Major General Fenenko, Mikhail YakovlevichAssistant Chiefs of DivisionIn the period from March 28, 1857 to August 30, 1873, the assistants to the chief of the division were actually brigade commanders01/02/1864 – xx.xx.1868 – Major General Levashev, Fedor Stepanovichearlier 02/01/1869 – 04/07/1871 – Major General Tuholka, Alexander Lvovich05/09/1871 – after 01/01/1873 – Major General Iolshin, Mikhail AlexandrovichCommanders of the 39th Artillery BrigadeThe brigade was formed on April 24, 1864.earlier 06/03/1864 – хх.хх.1867 – Colonel Shestakov, Yegor Fedorovichхх.хх.1867 – after 02/01/1873 – Colonel Kozikov, Vladimir Fedorovichхх.хх.1873 – 14.12.1873 – Colonel Kulikovsky, Ivan Pavlovich14.12.1873 – xx.xx.1885 – Colonel (from 08.11.1877 Major General) Proskuryakov, Fyodor Dmitrievich07/12/1885 – 01/30/1893 – Major General Lesovoy, Ivan Martynovich01/30/1893 – 02/09/1897 – Major General Khimshiev, Georgy Spiridonovich02/09/1897 – xx.xx.xxxx – Major General Velikopolsky, Ivan Ivanovich12/29/1899 – 01/22/1902 – Colonel (from 06/12/1900 Major General) Kanevsky, Ivan Yakovlevich01.22.1902 – 03.19.1906 – Major General Kovtunovich, Yakov Ivanovich06/07/1906 – 11/21/1907 – Colonel (from 06.12.1906 Major General) Paskevich, Mikhail Semyonovich11/21/1907 – 06/18/1908 – Major General Saltykov, Vladimir Vladimirovich08.16.1908 – 07.25.1910 – Major General Aseev, Dmitry Pavlovich08/01/1910 – 02/21/1915 – Major General (from 11/12/1914 Lieutenant General) Kalin, Vladimir Dmitrievich03/04/1915 – 06/10/1917 – Colonel (from 03.24.1916 Major General) Gamchenko, Ivan Spiridonovich06/10/1917 – xx.xx.xxxx – Commander Colonel Mironich, Mikhail Konstantinovich

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