Rhamnulphides (fr. Ramnulfides) or Rod Poitiers (French maison de Poitiers) – a noble family of Frankish origin, who ruled in the IX-XIII centuries in the County of Poitiers and the Duchy of Aquitaine.Genus historyOriginThe first reliably known representative of the house was Gerard (died 841), Count of Auvergne from 839. Its exact origin is not known, but he was a relative of Guerin II, whom Gerard succeeded as Count of Auvergne in 839. According to one version, Gerard was the son of Theodoric de Vergy (this version is now considered the most probable), according to the other, the grandson of Theodoric I, Count of Autun. In any case, he was most likely a descendant of Hildebrand I de Perrasy. Gerard died in the Battle of Fontenoy, after which Auvergne was transferred to another house. Gerard was married to the daughter of the Emperor Louis the Pious named Hildegard, from whom he left two sons: Ramnulf I and Gerard II (died 879), Count of Limoges.Counts of PoitiersRamnulf I (about 820 – September 15, 866) received in 844 the County of Poitiers, which later became the basis of the power of the family, and in 852 King Charles II the Bald gave him the title of Duke of Aquitaine. Until 864, Ramnulf had to fight against the former king of Aquitaine Pepin II, who sought to regain the kingdom. In 866, in the Battle of Brissart against the Normans and died of his wounds. Since his son Ramnulf II was still a minor at this time, King Charles II handed over the County of Poitiers to his stepson, Bernard of Gotha.Ramnulf II (until 850 – 5 August 890) was able to get Poitiers only after the revolt of Bernard of Gotha in 878. In 887, Ramnulf received the title of Duke of Aquitaine. After the overthrow of Emperor Charles III the Tolstoy, Ramnulf attempted unsuccessfully to proclaim himself king of Aquitaine.Ramnulf left no legitimate sons. His illegitimate son Ebl Manzer (about 870 – 934) was forced to fight for the ancestral county of Poitiers with Ademar, supported by King Ed and seizing Poitiers in 892. At the same time, the title of Duke of Aquitaine was conferred on the Count of Auvergne Guillaume I the Pious, at whom Ebl found refuge. Only in 902, Ebl, with the help of the army provided to him by Guillaume I, took advantage of the absence of Ademar and captured the city, and then defeated Ademar himself. The King of France, Charles III the Rustic, who was brought up with Heble, recognized him as Count of Poitiers.In 904, Ebl conquered Limousin. In 927, the heir of Guillaume I of Aquitaine, Guillaume II the Young, died, and then his brother Akfred also died, who appointed Ebl as his heir. Thus, Eble annexed the county of Auvergne, Bourges to his possessions, and also received the title of Duke of Aquitaine.In 929, King Raoul of France, wanting to weaken the power of Ebl, takes the county of Bourges from him. And in 932 he transferred Auvergne and the title of Duke of Aquitaine to the Count of Toulouse Raymond III of Pons.The son and heir of Ebl, Guillaume Patlaty (circa 910 – April 3, 963), inherited the county of Poitiers after his father’s death, but the king of France did not recognize the title of Duke of Aquitaine for him. For the title of duke, he had to argue with representatives of the Toulouse house. Until 940 he argued for the title of Duke of Aquitaine Raimund Pons, and in 940-961 with his cousin Raimund II).In the war between King Louis IV and Duke of France Hugo the Great, which began in 937, Guillaume sided with the king. In the world of 950, Guillaume was given the title of Count of Auvergne.In 955, King Lothair granted the title of Duke of Aquitaine to Hugo the Great. In May 955, Hugo opposed Guillaume, seeking to conquer Aquitaine. He managed to defeat Henry’s army, but his own army suffered serious losses in the process. As a result, Hugo was forced to retreat. Thus, the attempt to conquer Aquitaine failed.After the death of Hugo the Great, the title of duke was recognized for his son, Hugo Capet, but he never tried to conquer Aquitaine. In 959, King Lothair recognized Guillaume as Count of the Duchy of Aquitaine, and in 962 as Duke of Aquitaine.Dukes of AquitaineThe son of Guillaume Patlate, Guillaume the Ironhand (935/937 – 995) managed to make peace with Hugo Capet, marrying his sister Adele to him. As a result, the title of Duke of Aquitaine was finally entrenched in the family.His descendants were able to expand the possessions of the clan. In 1032, the son of Duke Guillaume V the Great inherited the Duchy of Gascony. Gascony was finally annexed to Aquitaine in 1058.After the death in 1137 of Duke Guillaume X, Aquitaine and Poitiers were inherited by his eldest daughter, the famous Eleanor of Aquitaine, who brought her possessions as a dowry first to King Louis VII of France, and after divorcing her second husband, Henry II Plantagenet, who became King of England in 1154.Antioch branchIts ancestor was Raymond de Poitiers (1099/1115 – June 29, 1149), the youngest son of Guillaume IX, Duke of Aquitaine. Through marriage, he inherited the principality of Antioch in 1136. His descendants were of Antioch and counts of Tripoli until 1287.Cyprus Branch (Second House de Lusignan)Her ancestor was Henry of Antioch (died 1276), son of Bohemond IV, prince of Antioch. He married Isabella, daughter of I de of Cyprus. After the death of King Hugh II in 1267, the son of Henry and Isabella Hugh took the surname de Lusignan and became king of Cyprus under the name Hugh III. His descendants ruled Cyprus until the death of Jacob (Jacques) III in 1474.Genealogy of the genus


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